Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy


School Psychology

First Adviser

Manz, Patricia H.


The number of immigrant families enrolled in child development home visiting programs is on the rise. For this reason, it is important to establish effective home visiting practices for immigrant parents. This way, programs can effectively serve immigrant families and meet theirneeds. Extant literature has driven home visiting programs to recognize that play is a critical component in improving child development outcomes, and that parents are the primary facilitators of these play activities. Given that cultural background shapes the formation of parent play beliefs, research should be culture specific to appropriately inform efforts that improve programming for immigrant families. The unique needs of immigrant families encourage culturally-specific research that intentionally focuses on immigrant parents of young children. The study’s purpose was to examine demographic trends in immigrant and U.S.-born families, as well as examine parent beliefs and involvement. Results of the study show distinctions between subsamples in specific demographic variables, relationships between education level and parent play beliefs, as well as parent beliefs specific to pretend play according to immigrant status. The study’s outcomes have implications for culturally-responsive early learning practices that may be used to support parent engagement within the context of home visiting. Home visiting programs may use this knowledge of immigrant families to inform program development that is adaptable and meets the needs of families from various countries and backgrounds.