Date

2017

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Adviser

Hatalis, Miltiadis

Other advisers/committee members

Frey, Douglas; Hwang, James; Chuang, Ta-Ko

Abstract

Amorphous oxide semiconductors (AOSs) including amorphous InGaZnO (a-IGZO) areexpected to be used as the thin-film semiconducting materials for TFTs in the next-generation ultra-high definition (UHD) active-matrix flat-panel displays (AM-FPDs). a-IGZO TFTs satisfy almost all the requirements for organic light-emitting-diode displays (OLEDs), large and fast liquid crystal displays (LCDs) as well as three-dimensional (3D) displays, which cannot be satisfied using conventional amorphous silicon (a-Si) or polysilicon (poly-Si) TFTs. In particular, a-IGZO TFTs satisfy two significant requirements of the backplane technology: high field-effect mobility and large-area uniformity.In this work, a robust process for fabrication of bottom-gate and top-gate a-IGZO TFTs is presented. An analytical drain current model for a-IGZO TFTs is proposed and its validation is demonstrated through experimental results. The instability mechanisms in a-IGZO TFTs under high current stress is investigated through low-frequency noise measurements. For the first time, the effect of engineered glass surface on the performance and reliability of bottom-gate a-IGZO TFTs is reported. The effect of source and drain metal contacts on electrical properties of a-IGZO TFTs including their effective channel lengths is studied. In particular, a-IGZO TFTs with Molybdenum versus Titanium source and drain electrodes are investigated. Finally, the potential of aluminum substrates for use in flexible display applications is demonstrated by fabrication of high performance a-IGZO TFTs on aluminum substrates and investigation of their stability under high current electrical stress as well as tensile and compressive strain.

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