Date

2017

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Adviser

Haller, William R.

Other advisers/committee members

Tatic-Lucic, Svetlana

Abstract

This work determines optimal planar geometric light source and optical imager configurations and electromagnetic wavelengths for maximizing the reflected signal intensity when using machine vision technology to image roadway markings with embedded spherical glass beads. It is found through a first set of experiments that roadway marking samples exhibiting little or no bead rolling effects are uniformly reflective with respect to the azimuthal angle of observation when measured for retroreflectivity within industry standard 30-meter geometry. A second set of experiments indicate that white roadway markings exhibit higher reflectivity throughout the visible spectrum than yellow roadway markings. A roadway marking optical model capable of being used to determine optimal geometric light source and optical imager configurations for maximizing the reflected signal intensities of roadway marking targets is constructed and simulated using optical engineering software. It is found through a third set of experiments that high signal intensities can be measured when the polar angles of the light source and optical imager along a plane normal to a roadway marking are equal, with the maximum signal intensity being measured when the polar angles of both the light source and optical imager are 90°.

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