Date

2017

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Economics

First Adviser

Meyerhoefer, Chad D.

Other advisers/committee members

Dearden, James A.; Dai, Daisy; Kalnins, Arturs

Abstract

This dissertation consists of three essays. The first essay evaluates restaurant wine pricing. Many restaurants offer extensive lists of wines in bottles and limited selections of wines by the glass. In this essay, I empirically examine wine prices by the bottle at New York City restaurants. The empirical results, which control for both the quality of wine and the restaurant, suggest that restaurants offering wine by the glass tend to set the same bottle prices as the restaurants that do not offer wine by the glass. This equality in price among restaurants is noteworthy because, controlling for quality, restaurants tend to offer a varietal by the glass if and only if they acquire a low-cost brand of the varietal. I then construct a theoretical model where either quantity-based menu pricing or anchoring could explain the bottle pricing practices that I observe in the empirical analysis. In the second essay, I estimate the effects of prolonged coverage in the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) during school age on health care utilization and outcomes, using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999. Using the simulated eligibility as instrument, I identify the causal impacts of CHIP coverage between 1st grade and 8th grade on health care utilization, health status, and academic performance among middle-school children. The results indicate that an additional year coverage in CHIP increases the probability of receiving routine health care by 9 percentage points and the probability of an asthma diagnosis by 7 percentage points. However, I cannot detect any impact of CHIP coverage on health status and academic performance in 8th grade. In the third essay, I investigate the relationship between human capital accumulation and participation in middle school sports, using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999. Using the method of instrumental variables, I estimate the causal impact of participation in school-sponsored sports on the academic achievement among middle school children. The results indicate that participation in school sports increases reading test scores, but not test scores in math and science, by 0.27 standard deviations, and that effect is mediated through reduced absenteeism.

Included in

Economics Commons

Share

COinS