Date

2016

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Mathematics

First Adviser

Johnson, David L.

Other advisers/committee members

Napier, Terrence; Szczepanski, Susan; Coll, Vincent; Corvino, Justin

Abstract

The Hopf Conjecture is a well-known problem in differential geometry whichrelates the geometry of a manifold to its topology \cite{Hopf 1}. In thisthesis, we investigate this problem on compact complex real 6-dimensionalmanifolds. First, we prove a Weitzenbock formula on a complex manifoldinvolving the Hodge Laplacian $\Delta _{H}$, the Bochner Laplacian of theLevi-Civita connection $\Delta _{R}$, and another Laplacian\ we constructthat is related to the Lefschetz operator and $\partial $ operator on acompact complex manifold $\Delta _{K}$ such that for any $(p,q)-$form in [%\ref{WF}], $\Delta _{K}+\Delta _{H}-2\Delta _{R}=F(R)+$"quadratic terms"where the curvature operator $F(R):E^{p,q}\rightarrow E^{p,q}$ and thequadratic terms are given in [\ref{WFR}]. This formula generalizes aWeitzenbock formula of Wu for K\"{a}hler manifolds in \cite{Wu}. Then, undercertain conditions, we show that the Weitzenbock formula provides vanishingtheorems for the Dolbeault cohomology groups of complex differential $(p,q)-$%forms and obtain information about the Hodge numbers of the manifold. We usethese vanishing theorems to obtain information about the geometric andarithmetic genus and irregularity of a compact complex manifold undercertain conditions. Earlier result of Alfred Gray shows that a hypotheticalintegrable almost complex structure on a 6-dimensional sphere, $S^{6},$ hasto satisfy $h^{0,1}>0$ \cite{Gray}. We apply our vanishing theorem for $%(0,1)-$forms to show that $h^{0,1}=0$ and thus, under certain additionalconditions a 6-dimensional sphere can not have integrable almost complexstructure. We use the Fr\"{o}licher spectral sequence to obtain theHodge-deRham cohomology groups of any compact complex manifold of realdimension 6 and show that under certain conditions, the Euler characteristicof a compact complex manifold of real dimension 6 is positive to prove theHopf conjecture.

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Mathematics Commons

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