Date

2014

Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science

Department

Industrial Engineering

First Adviser

Snyder, Lawrence V.

Abstract

In this thesis, we first discuss the concept and features of the bullwhip effect (BWE), followed with a literature review on the literatures that study the rational and behavioral causes of the BWE and BWE's reaction to changes in the conditions. We presume that by imposing a certain order constraint on supply chain players, the BWE can be reduced. We test our conjecture using both a live "beer game" experiment and a simulation study. In the beer game, we find that the order constraint works the best when imposed on the distributors. In the simulation experiment, we find that the supply-line weighting type significantly impacts the effect of the order constraint. Moreover, our study provides guidance for models of operational disruptions by incorporating human reactions to order constraints.

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Engineering Commons

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