Date

2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Electrical Engineering

First Adviser

Hatalis, Miltiadis K.

Other advisers/committee members

Hwang, James; Sakariya, Kapil

Abstract

This dissertation deals with the problems of modern active matrix organic light-emitting diode AMOLED display back-plane drivers and sensor arrays. The research described here, aims to classify recently utilized compensation techniques into distinct groups and further pinpoint their advantages and shortcomings. Additionally, a way of describing the loops as mathematical constructs is utilized to derive new circuits from the analog design perspective. A novel principle on display driving is derived by observing those mathematical control loop models and it is analyzed and evaluated as a novel way of pixel driving. Specifically, a new feedback current programming architecture and method is described and validated through experiments, which is compatible with AMOLED displays having the two transistor one capacitor (2T1C) pixel structure. The new pixel programming approach is compatible with all TFT technologies and can compensate for non-uniformities in both threshold voltage and carrier mobility of the pixel OLED drive TFT. Data gathered show that a pixel drive current of 20 nA can be programmed in less than 10usec. This new approach can be implemented within an AMOLED external or integrated display data driver. The method to achieve robustness in the operation of the loop is also presented here, observed through a series of measurements. All the peripheral blocks implementing the design are presented and analyzed through simulations and verified experimentally. Sources of noise are identified and eliminated, while new techniques for better isolation from digital noise are described and tested on a newly fabricated driver. Multiple versions of the new proposed circuit are outlined, simulated, fabricated and measured to evaluate their performance.A novel active matrix array approach suitable for a compact multi-channel gas sensor platform is also described. The proposed active matrix sensor array utilizes an array of P-i-N diodes each connected in series with an Inter-Digitated Electrode (IDE). The functionality of 8x8 and 16x16 sensor arrays measured through external current feedback loops is also presented for the 8x8 arrays and the detection of ammonia (NH3) and chlorine (Cl2) vapor sources is demonstrated.

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