Date

2014

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy

Department

Mechanical Engineering

First Adviser

Misiolek, Wojciech Z.

Other advisers/committee members

Angstadt, David C.; Coulter, John P.; Oztekin, Alprslan; Pasang, Timotius

Abstract

The automotive industry developments focused on increasing fuel efficiency are accomplished by weight reduction of vehicles, which consequently results in less negative environmental impact. Usage of low density materials such as Magnesium alloys is an approach to replace heavier structural components. One of the challenges in deformation processing of Magnesium is its low formability attributed to the hexagonal close packed (hcp) crystal structure. The extrusion process is one of the most promising forming processes for Magnesium because it applies a hydrostatic compression state of stress during deformation resulting in improved workability. Many researchers have attempted to fully understand solid state bonding during deformation in different structural materials such as Aluminum, Copper and other metals and alloys. There is a lack of sufficient understanding of the extrusion welding in these materials as well as very limited knowledge on this subject for hollow profiles made from Magnesium alloys. The weld integrity and the characteristic of the welding microstructure are generally unknown. In this dissertation three related research projects are investigated by using different tools such as microstructure characterization, mechanical testing, thermo-mechanical physical simulation and finite element numerical modeling. Project 1: Microstructure characterization supported by mechanical testing of the extrusion welding regions in Magnesium alloy AM30 extrudate. The microstructure characterization was conducted using Light Optical Microscopy (LOM), in addition to LOM the electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) technique was implemented to characterize in depth the deformed and welded microstructure. Project 2: Finite element numerical simulation of AM30 extrudate to model different process parameters and their influence on localized state variables such as strain, strain rate, temperature and normal pressure within the weld zone. Project 3: Physical simulation of the extrusion welding by using Gleeble 3500 thermo-mechanical simulator to create deformation welds in Magnesium alloy AM30 samples in compression test under various temperatures and strain rates conditions.Based on the obtained results from the performed research projects and literature review, a new qualitative criterion of extrusion welding has been introduced as contribution to the field. The criterion and its analysis have provided better understanding of material response to processing parameters and assisted in selecting the processing windows for good practices in the extrusion process. In addition, the new approach contributed to better understanding and evaluating the quality of the solid state bonding of Mg alloy. Accordingly, the criteria help to avoiding formation of potential mechanical and metallurgical imperfections.

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